The spokesman said: "The head of state
endorsed the national security strategy in the Russian Federation
until 2020, for the concerted efforts of the federal organs of
executive power and the organs of power in the entities of the
Russian Federation, institutions and citizens of the Russian
Federation in the field of ensuring national security."
The strategy is designed to follow the principle of State
authority in the area of security, as it stems from the national
order of priorities in Russia.
In addition, the document linked to the full development of the
idea of Russia economically and socially in the period up to 2020
He said the Russian President pointed out that the main idea of
the strategy can be described as "security through development."
The strategy aims to improve the quality of the Department of
State, and would coordinate the work of organs of State power and
social organizations and with regard to the protection of national
interests of Russia and to ensure the security of the individual
and society and the State.
The document is put in the basis of principles for the development
of central Russia and to ensure national security, which has asked
the Russian president in his letter to the Federal Assembly of the
Russian Federation on November 5, 2008.
It should be noted that this strategy is a continuation of the
goals of national security, which was adopted in 1997.
Below are excerpts from the National Security Strategy of the
Russian Federation until the year 2020: First: are the general
Over Russia in the late twentieth century, the consequences of the
crisis of political, social, economic, and stopped the decline in
the level and quality of life of Russian citizens, and stood in
the face of tendencies of nationalism and separatism and
international terrorism, and prevented the vote of no confidence
in the constitutional order, and retained the sovereignty and
territorial integrity, and regained their potential in
strengthening their competitiveness and defend its national
interests as the central entity of the multi-polar international
We have formed the general premises to prevent external and
internal threats to national security is guaranteed, and the
dynamic evolution and transformation of the Russian Federation to
the State the lead in terms of the level of progress Altkniki and
quality of life of the population and to influence global
Russia moved to a new policy of the State in the area of national
security to ensure the successful national development, in
conditions of globalization of the international development and
political relations and international economic which are new
dangers on the evolution of the individual and society and the
Russia and the world today: the elaboration and development trends
Development of the world are on the road to all areas of the
globalization of international life, which are characterized by
high dynamism and coherence between the events.
Has exacerbated the contradictions between the States because of
the unequal development of the outcome of the processes of
globalization and the deepening of the gap between the levels of
prosperity of countries.
And become models of development values and goals of global
The increased interdependence of all members of the international
community about the new challenges and threats. As a result
promote the development of new centers of economic and political
influence is the emergence of a qualitatively new geopolitical
Also be directed towards the formation of the search for solutions
to existing problems and to resolve conflicts on a regional basis
without the participation of non-regional powers.
The structure of the invalidity of the current global and regional-oriented
NATO alone, particularly in the Euro - Atlantic, and the lack of
proficiency in the legal mechanisms and tools to threaten more
The transition from confrontation between blocs, multilateral
diplomacy on the principles of trends as well as the capacity of
Russia's resources and the policy of pragmatism can benefit from
all the possibilities of the Russian Federation in strengthening
its influence on the global level.
Russia has sufficient capacity to rely on the creation of
conditions to take hold in the medium term in order to devote
their leader among the countries in the world economy, on the
basis of their participation in the global division of labor
effectively and increase the capacity of the national economy to
global competition and the level of defense and security of the
State and society.
Will affect the cases of repeated use of force likely to occur in
international relations and the contradictions between the key
participants in the World politics and the danger of proliferation
and weapons of mass destruction falling into the hands of
terrorists, as well as the evolution of forms of work are contrary
to the law in the areas Sbernitikip, biological and high-tech area
of negative impact in ensuring the national interests of Russia.
The confrontation will grow at the global level in the field of
information and increase the dangers that threaten the stability
of developed industrial countries and their social, economic and
Will see the development of the global tendencies of nationalism
and separatism, intolerance, extremism and violence, including
under the radical religious Caralenzap.
The world will be worse for the development of demographic and
environmental problems and increase the dangers of illegal
immigration, drug trafficking and the slave trade and other forms
of organized crime.
It is possible that the spread of epidemics caused by new viruses
is not known previously.
The world will suffer from a shortage of fresh water.
Focus of world politics for a long time to control the energy
resources, including in the Middle East and the continental shelf
of the Barents Sea and other regions of the Arctic and in the
Caspian Sea and Central Asia.
The situation in Iraq and Afghanistan and the conflicts in the
Near and Middle East and a number of countries of South Asia,
Africa and the Korean Peninsula in the past adversely affect the
international situation in the medium term.
Might lead the critical situation for the Conservation of
hazardous materials and installations, particularly in countries
experiencing internal political situation is unstable, as well as
the loss of state control over the proliferation of conventional
arms could lead to the aggravation of all existing regional
conflicts and the emergence of new conflicts between States. And
reduced to a large extent the possibilities of maintaining global
stability, and the outcome of the regional deployment of U.S.
missile shield in Europe.
In the conditions of competition for resources is likely to resort
to the use of force in solving international problems, which could
lead to upsetting the balance of forces based near the borders of
the Russian Federation and its allies.
Also increases the gravity of the increasing number of countries
possessing nuclear weapons.
Can be compared with the consequences arising from the financial
and economic crisis in terms of cases of damage caused by the use
of military force on a large scale.
Russia will seek in the long-term future to the establishment of
international relations in accordance with the principles of
international law and ensure equal security of States.
In order to protect national interests, as a nation that respects
international law, to pursue a pragmatic foreign policy to address
the prohibitive costs, including a new arms race.
Russia believes that the United Nations and the UN Security
Council, are central elements in the system of stable
international relations based on respect and equal rights and
mutually beneficial cooperation between countries that use the
tools of a civilized political solution to the global and regional
Russia will increase cooperation within the framework of a multi-faceted,
such as the Group of Eight and the Group of Twenty, and "Rick" (Russia,
India and China) and "Brick" (Russia, India, China and Brazil), as
well as the possibilities of international institutions will use
The development of bilateral and multilateral cooperation with the
member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States of the
priorities of Russian foreign policy.
Russia will seek to develop the capacities of regional integration
and coordination between States on a Commonwealth of Independent
States, as part of the Association itself and the Organization
Collective Security Treaty and the Eurasian Economic Community,
which continues to affect the general situation in the areas
adjacent to the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent
The Collective Security Treaty Organization, a key international
instrument that will face the regional challenges and threats of a
military nature, political and strategic, including the fight
against drug trafficking and psychotropic substances in the nerves.
Russia will work to strengthen the Eurasian Economic Community as
a nucleus for economic integration and a tool to contribute to the
completion of major projects in the area of hydropower and
infrastructure, industry and other joint projects, especially of
Acquires a special significance for Russia to strengthen the
political capacity of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and to
encourage practical steps in the framework, which could contribute
to the strengthening of mutual trust and partnership in the region
of Central Asia.
Calls for Russia to consolidate the mechanisms for cooperation
with the European Union in various areas, including the formation
of common spaces in the economy and safe internal and external.
And agreed to form the system of collective security based on
legal agreements with the long-term interests of Russia.
That plans to bring the military infrastructure of NATO to
Russia's borders and attempts to give them jobs incompatible with
Provisions of international law is considered unacceptable for
Russia and the determining factor in its relations with NATO.
Russia is ready to developing its relations with the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization on an equal footing and in the
interest of strengthening the overall security in the Euro -
The depth of these relations will depend on the willingness of
NATO to take into account the legitimate interests of Russia in
the military strategic planning and to respect the provisions of
international law, as well as the modified later, the search for
new tasks and functions of a humanitarian.
Russia will seek to establish a strategic partnership of equal
rights and full scale with the United States on the basis of
compatibility of interests and taking into account the impact of
the situation of Russian-American relations on the whole world
Remains a priority, new agreements on disarmament and arms control
and the promotion of confidence, as well as resolving issues on
the Prohibition of the proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction and promote cooperation in the fight against terrorism
and the settlement of regional conflicts.
Russia will maintain security in the area of international
commitment to using the tools of political, legal, foreign
economic, military and others to safeguard state sovereignty and
Is associated with a foreign policy and predicted open and closely
linked to the tasks of addressing the development of Russia firmly.
And impede the transition to low-paced the national economy to the
path of modernization and innovation, the success of Russia's
integration with the global economic space and the system of
international division of labor.
In order to prevent risks to national security it is imperative to
ensure social stability and national reconciliation, and sectarian
and increase the capacity and the promotion of tactical national
economy and raising the quality of the work of state bodies and
the formation of effective mechanisms for dealing with civil
society in order to enforce the right of Russian citizens in the
life and security, employment, housing, health and lifestyle
proper education and cultural development.
Third: Russia's national interests and priorities of national
Is the national interests of Russia in the long term, including
A - the development of democracy, civil society and increase the
capacity of the national economy to competition,
B - to ensure the established constitutional order and territorial
integrity and sovereignty of the Russian Federation,
C - conversion of the Russian Federation to the State of a major
global efforts directed towards the support of strategic stability
and the relations of partnership with mutual benefit in the
circumstances of the multi-polar world.
The national defense and security of the State and society of the
basic national security priorities in the Russian Federation.
IV: Ensure national security
9 - strategic stability and the strategic partnership of equal
Active help of foreign policy, which focuses its efforts on
restoring harmony and consistent with the interests of other
countries on the basis of the establishment of a partnership of
bilateral and multilateral aspects of mutual benefit, which will
help to achieve the priorities for stable development of the
Russian Federation. Are making the conditions for steady
development of Russia in the long term at the expense of ensuring
strategic stability, including through the continued move towards
a world free of nuclear weapons and the establishment of
conditions of equal security for all.
From Russia in its relations with the international community of
the principles of maintaining stability and predictability of the
possibility of strategic offensive weapons.
Russia also attaches particular importance to the holding of
bilateral agreements with respect to full-scale and reduce the
reduction of strategic offensive weapons.
Will contribute to the involvement of Russia in the other States,
primarily those that possess nuclear weapons and interested to
work together to ensure public security in the process of securing
Russia is that the presence of units of the Russian armed forces
in the disputed areas on the basis of the provisions of
international law and in order to resolve the political, economic
and other non-military tasks in ways that will help in maintaining
strategic stability and equal partnership.
Russia will be taken at the international level positions would be
consolidated with the cooperation of other international
mechanisms to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and other
types of weapons of mass destruction and their means of transport,
goods and technologies and the prohibition of the use of military
force and the violation of the Charter of the United Nations.
Russia will also be intended to impose a position on arms control
and reasonable sufficiency in military construction. In order to
maintain strategic stability and equal strategic partnership,
A - will be implemented by existing treaties and conventions in
force in the reduction and limitation of arms and participate in
the development of new agreements and in accordance with the
B - have indicated their willingness to discuss the issue of
reduction of nuclear capabilities on the basis of bilateral
agreements and within the framework of a multi-faceted, and will
help to create conditions that allow reduction of nuclear weapons,
without damage to international security and strategic stability,
C - intended to assist in promoting regional stability through its
participation in the process of downsizing and the reduction of
conventional weapons and armed forces, as well as the practice of
confidence-building measures in the military sphere,
Is the support of the international peace movement an effective
tool for the settlement of armed conflicts and calls for the
consolidation of this international institution under the
principles of the Charter of the United Nations will continue to
participate in it,
D - will participate in special events and the liquidation of
natural disasters and technical emergencies and under the auspices
of the United Nations and other international organizations, will
also contribute in the provision of humanitarian aid to tsunami-hit
In order to ensure strategic stability and equitable multilateral
cooperation at the global level, Russia will for the achievement
of this strategy is all it can to maintain parity with the United
States, the least possible expenditure in the area of strategic
The conditions in the overall deployment of the system of the
missile defense shield and the application of the idea of
lightning to strike a comprehensive nuclear strategy using
pregnant and non-nuclear.