Russia Today,

CC - News Department


According to the Spokesman for the Kremlin on 13 May that Russia's President Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree "on the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation" until 2020.


The spokesman said: "The head of state endorsed the national security strategy in the Russian Federation until 2020, for the concerted efforts of the federal organs of executive power and the organs of power in the entities of the Russian Federation, institutions and citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring national security."

The strategy is designed to follow the principle of State authority in the area of security, as it stems from the national order of priorities in Russia.

In addition, the document linked to the full development of the idea of Russia economically and socially in the period up to 2020

He said the Russian President pointed out that the main idea of the strategy can be described as "security through development."

The strategy aims to improve the quality of the Department of State, and would coordinate the work of organs of State power and social organizations and with regard to the protection of national interests of Russia and to ensure the security of the individual and society and the State.

The document is put in the basis of principles for the development of central Russia and to ensure national security, which has asked the Russian president in his letter to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on November 5, 2008.

It should be noted that this strategy is a continuation of the goals of national security, which was adopted in 1997.

Below are excerpts from the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation until the year 2020: First: are the general

Over Russia in the late twentieth century, the consequences of the crisis of political, social, economic, and stopped the decline in the level and quality of life of Russian citizens, and stood in the face of tendencies of nationalism and separatism and international terrorism, and prevented the vote of no confidence in the constitutional order, and retained the sovereignty and territorial integrity, and regained their potential in strengthening their competitiveness and defend its national interests as the central entity of the multi-polar international relations ..

We have formed the general premises to prevent external and internal threats to national security is guaranteed, and the dynamic evolution and transformation of the Russian Federation to the State the lead in terms of the level of progress Altkniki and quality of life of the population and to influence global processes.

Russia moved to a new policy of the State in the area of national security to ensure the successful national development, in conditions of globalization of the international development and political relations and international economic which are new dangers on the evolution of the individual and society and the State.

Russia and the world today: the elaboration and development trends

Development of the world are on the road to all areas of the globalization of international life, which are characterized by high dynamism and coherence between the events.

Has exacerbated the contradictions between the States because of the unequal development of the outcome of the processes of globalization and the deepening of the gap between the levels of prosperity of countries.

And become models of development values and goals of global competition.

The increased interdependence of all members of the international community about the new challenges and threats. As a result promote the development of new centers of economic and political influence is the emergence of a qualitatively new geopolitical development.

Also be directed towards the formation of the search for solutions to existing problems and to resolve conflicts on a regional basis without the participation of non-regional powers.

The structure of the invalidity of the current global and regional-oriented NATO alone, particularly in the Euro - Atlantic, and the lack of proficiency in the legal mechanisms and tools to threaten more Voktralomn Bank.

The transition from confrontation between blocs, multilateral diplomacy on the principles of trends as well as the capacity of Russia's resources and the policy of pragmatism can benefit from all the possibilities of the Russian Federation in strengthening its influence on the global level.

Russia has sufficient capacity to rely on the creation of conditions to take hold in the medium term in order to devote their leader among the countries in the world economy, on the basis of their participation in the global division of labor effectively and increase the capacity of the national economy to global competition and the level of defense and security of the State and society.

Will affect the cases of repeated use of force likely to occur in international relations and the contradictions between the key participants in the World politics and the danger of proliferation and weapons of mass destruction falling into the hands of terrorists, as well as the evolution of forms of work are contrary to the law in the areas Sbernitikip, biological and high-tech area of negative impact in ensuring the national interests of Russia.

The confrontation will grow at the global level in the field of information and increase the dangers that threaten the stability of developed industrial countries and their social, economic and democratic institutions.

Will see the development of the global tendencies of nationalism and separatism, intolerance, extremism and violence, including under the radical religious Caralenzap.

The world will be worse for the development of demographic and environmental problems and increase the dangers of illegal immigration, drug trafficking and the slave trade and other forms of organized crime.

It is possible that the spread of epidemics caused by new viruses is not known previously.

The world will suffer from a shortage of fresh water.

Focus of world politics for a long time to control the energy resources, including in the Middle East and the continental shelf of the Barents Sea and other regions of the Arctic and in the Caspian Sea and Central Asia.

The situation in Iraq and Afghanistan and the conflicts in the Near and Middle East and a number of countries of South Asia, Africa and the Korean Peninsula in the past adversely affect the international situation in the medium term.

Might lead the critical situation for the Conservation of hazardous materials and installations, particularly in countries experiencing internal political situation is unstable, as well as the loss of state control over the proliferation of conventional arms could lead to the aggravation of all existing regional conflicts and the emergence of new conflicts between States. And reduced to a large extent the possibilities of maintaining global stability, and the outcome of the regional deployment of U.S. missile shield in Europe.

In the conditions of competition for resources is likely to resort to the use of force in solving international problems, which could lead to upsetting the balance of forces based near the borders of the Russian Federation and its allies.

Also increases the gravity of the increasing number of countries possessing nuclear weapons.

Can be compared with the consequences arising from the financial and economic crisis in terms of cases of damage caused by the use of military force on a large scale.

Russia will seek in the long-term future to the establishment of international relations in accordance with the principles of international law and ensure equal security of States.

In order to protect national interests, as a nation that respects international law, to pursue a pragmatic foreign policy to address the prohibitive costs, including a new arms race.

Russia believes that the United Nations and the UN Security Council, are central elements in the system of stable international relations based on respect and equal rights and mutually beneficial cooperation between countries that use the tools of a civilized political solution to the global and regional conflicts.

Russia will increase cooperation within the framework of a multi-faceted, such as the Group of Eight and the Group of Twenty, and "Rick" (Russia, India and China) and "Brick" (Russia, India, China and Brazil), as well as the possibilities of international institutions will use other non-official.

The development of bilateral and multilateral cooperation with the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States of the priorities of Russian foreign policy.

Russia will seek to develop the capacities of regional integration and coordination between States on a Commonwealth of Independent States, as part of the Association itself and the Organization Collective Security Treaty and the Eurasian Economic Community, which continues to affect the general situation in the areas adjacent to the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

The Collective Security Treaty Organization, a key international instrument that will face the regional challenges and threats of a military nature, political and strategic, including the fight against drug trafficking and psychotropic substances in the nerves.

Russia will work to strengthen the Eurasian Economic Community as a nucleus for economic integration and a tool to contribute to the completion of major projects in the area of hydropower and infrastructure, industry and other joint projects, especially of regional importance.

Acquires a special significance for Russia to strengthen the political capacity of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and to encourage practical steps in the framework, which could contribute to the strengthening of mutual trust and partnership in the region of Central Asia.

Calls for Russia to consolidate the mechanisms for cooperation with the European Union in various areas, including the formation of common spaces in the economy and safe internal and external. And agreed to form the system of collective security based on legal agreements with the long-term interests of Russia.

That plans to bring the military infrastructure of NATO to Russia's borders and attempts to give them jobs incompatible with the comprehensive

Provisions of international law is considered unacceptable for Russia and the determining factor in its relations with NATO. Russia is ready to developing its relations with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on an equal footing and in the interest of strengthening the overall security in the Euro - Atlantic.

The depth of these relations will depend on the willingness of NATO to take into account the legitimate interests of Russia in the military strategic planning and to respect the provisions of international law, as well as the modified later, the search for new tasks and functions of a humanitarian.

Russia will seek to establish a strategic partnership of equal rights and full scale with the United States on the basis of compatibility of interests and taking into account the impact of the situation of Russian-American relations on the whole world situation.

Remains a priority, new agreements on disarmament and arms control and the promotion of confidence, as well as resolving issues on the Prohibition of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and promote cooperation in the fight against terrorism and the settlement of regional conflicts.

Russia will maintain security in the area of international commitment to using the tools of political, legal, foreign economic, military and others to safeguard state sovereignty and national interests.

Is associated with a foreign policy and predicted open and closely linked to the tasks of addressing the development of Russia firmly. And impede the transition to low-paced the national economy to the path of modernization and innovation, the success of Russia's integration with the global economic space and the system of international division of labor.

In order to prevent risks to national security it is imperative to ensure social stability and national reconciliation, and sectarian and increase the capacity and the promotion of tactical national economy and raising the quality of the work of state bodies and the formation of effective mechanisms for dealing with civil society in order to enforce the right of Russian citizens in the life and security, employment, housing, health and lifestyle proper education and cultural development.

Third: Russia's national interests and priorities of national strategy

Is the national interests of Russia in the long term, including the following:

A - the development of democracy, civil society and increase the capacity of the national economy to competition,

B - to ensure the established constitutional order and territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Russian Federation,

C - conversion of the Russian Federation to the State of a major global efforts directed towards the support of strategic stability and the relations of partnership with mutual benefit in the circumstances of the multi-polar world.

The national defense and security of the State and society of the basic national security priorities in the Russian Federation.

IV: Ensure national security

9 - strategic stability and the strategic partnership of equal rights

Active help of foreign policy, which focuses its efforts on restoring harmony and consistent with the interests of other countries on the basis of the establishment of a partnership of bilateral and multilateral aspects of mutual benefit, which will help to achieve the priorities for stable development of the Russian Federation. Are making the conditions for steady development of Russia in the long term at the expense of ensuring strategic stability, including through the continued move towards a world free of nuclear weapons and the establishment of conditions of equal security for all.

From Russia in its relations with the international community of the principles of maintaining stability and predictability of the possibility of strategic offensive weapons.

Russia also attaches particular importance to the holding of bilateral agreements with respect to full-scale and reduce the reduction of strategic offensive weapons.

Will contribute to the involvement of Russia in the other States, primarily those that possess nuclear weapons and interested to work together to ensure public security in the process of securing strategic stability.

Russia is that the presence of units of the Russian armed forces in the disputed areas on the basis of the provisions of international law and in order to resolve the political, economic and other non-military tasks in ways that will help in maintaining strategic stability and equal partnership.

Russia will be taken at the international level positions would be consolidated with the cooperation of other international mechanisms to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and other types of weapons of mass destruction and their means of transport, goods and technologies and the prohibition of the use of military force and the violation of the Charter of the United Nations.

Russia will also be intended to impose a position on arms control and reasonable sufficiency in military construction. In order to maintain strategic stability and equal strategic partnership, Russia Federation:

A - will be implemented by existing treaties and conventions in force in the reduction and limitation of arms and participate in the development of new agreements and in accordance with the national interests,

B - have indicated their willingness to discuss the issue of reduction of nuclear capabilities on the basis of bilateral agreements and within the framework of a multi-faceted, and will help to create conditions that allow reduction of nuclear weapons, without damage to international security and strategic stability,

C - intended to assist in promoting regional stability through its participation in the process of downsizing and the reduction of conventional weapons and armed forces, as well as the practice of confidence-building measures in the military sphere,

Is the support of the international peace movement an effective tool for the settlement of armed conflicts and calls for the consolidation of this international institution under the principles of the Charter of the United Nations will continue to participate in it,

D - will participate in special events and the liquidation of natural disasters and technical emergencies and under the auspices of the United Nations and other international organizations, will also contribute in the provision of humanitarian aid to tsunami-hit countries.

In order to ensure strategic stability and equitable multilateral cooperation at the global level, Russia will for the achievement of this strategy is all it can to maintain parity with the United States, the least possible expenditure in the area of strategic offensive weapons.

The conditions in the overall deployment of the system of the missile defense shield and the application of the idea of lightning to strike a comprehensive nuclear strategy using pregnant and non-nuclear.